Rapture: "Rape, Siezure, Kidnap; Carry Off, Abduction, Snatch Away.
The "Rapture" was not taught by the early Church, it was not taught by Church of the first centuries, it was not taught by the Reformers, it was not taught by anyone except a couple of Jesuit theologians until about the year 1830. At the time of the Reformation, the early Protestants believed Martin Luther and John Calvin's false teachings; Luther taught the Pope was the supreme individual embodiment and personification of the spirit of antichrist, and the Roman Church, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT. MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS UPON THE EARTH IN Revelation 17; It is Not. Calvin taught TULIP (Total Depravity, Unconditional Election to Grace, Limited Atonement, Irresistable Grace and Fixed Pre-destination to Salvation; None of these pronciples are true. This understanding was responsible for bringing millions of believers out of the Roman Catholic religious system and into an equally corrupt religious system.
Futurism was the brainchild of Jesuit priest Francisco Ribera who, in the days of the Reformation, first taught that all the events in the book of Revelation were to take place literally during the three and a half years reign of the antichrist way down at the end of the age. Thus, Ribera laid the foundation of a system of prophetic interpretation of which the secret rapture has now become an integral part.
Preterism and Futurism
Luis de Alcazar SJ
(1554-1613) initiated Preterist Eschatology.
Generaly Preterists hold that the events in Daniel were fulfilled by the 2nd Century BC and events in Revelation by the 1st Century AD. These are obvious lies as Daniel and Revelation cover the entire 7000 Yr history and future of Creation. Eg Dan 7:6 3rd Beast obtains "Dominion" (Sovereign Authority to Rule) at the start of the Great Tribulation, while Dan 7:13-14 occurs 1003 1/2 years later at the end of the Millennium. "Little Horn" in Dan 11:21 is not Antiochus Epiphanes, it is Antichrist".
SJ (1537-1591) was also a Jesuit. Jesuits are the Militia of Zeus; the first Oaths taken in the Crypt of St Denis (Denis=Dionysus aka Bacchus or Lucifer). Ribera was a Cathedral doctor of theology, born in Spain, who began writing a lengthy commentary in 1585 on the book of Revelation titled In Sacrum Beati Ioannis Apostoli, & Evangelistiae Apocalypsin Commentarij
, and published it about the year 1590. He died in 1591 at the age of fifty-four, so he was not able to expand on his work or write any other commentaries on Revelation. In order to remove the Catholic Church
from consideration as the antichrist power, Ribera proposed that the first few chapters of the Revelation applied to ancient pagan Rome (This is a Lie; Jesus gave a warning to the as of yet unborn Catholic Church called "Thyatira") and the rest he limited to a yet future period of 3 1/2 years, immediately prior to the second coming. During that time, the Roman Catholic Church would have fallen away from the pope into apostasy. Then, he proposed, the
antichrist, a single
- Persecute and blaspheme the saints of God.
- Rebuild the temple in Jerusalem.
- Abolish the Christian religion.
- Deny Jesus Christ.
- Be received by the Jews.
- Pretend to be God.
- Kill the two witnesses of God.
- Conquer the world.
Manuel De Lacunza (1731–1801)
Manuel De Lacunza SJ (1731–1801), a Jesuit from Chile, wrote a manuscript in Spanish titled La Venida del Mesías en Gloria y Magestad ("The Coming of the Messiah in Glory and Majesty"), under the pen name of Juan Josafa Rabbi BenEzra about 1791. Lacunza wrote under an assumed Jewish name to obscure the fact that he was a Jesuit in order to give his book better acceptance in Protestantism, his intended audience. His manuscript was published in London, Spain, Mexico and Paris between 1811 and 1826.
Edward Irving (1792-1834)
Edward Irving (1792-1834), a Scottish Presbyterian and forerunner of the Pentecostal and Charismatic movements, translated Lacunza's work from Spanish into English in a book titled The Coming of Messiah in Glory and Majesty with a Preliminary Discourse, published in London in 1827 by L.B. Seeley & Sons, which included Irving's own lengthy preface. Irving became one of the most eloquent preachers of his time, and a leading figure of the Catholic Apostolic Church of England. In 1828 his open-air meetings in Scotland drew crowds of 10,000 people. His church in London seated one thousand people and was packed week after week with a congregation drawn from the most brilliant and influential circles of society. Irving discovered Lacunza's book and was deeply shaken by it. At this time Irving heard what he believed to be a voice from heaven commanding him to preach the Secret Rapture of the Saints. Irving then began to hold Bible conferences throughout Scotland, Emphasizing the coming of the Messiah to rapture His Church. About this same time there began the emergence of a new movement which came to be known as the Plymouth Brethren. (Aleister Crowley was also a Plymouth Brethren initiate; PB was part of the Restoration Movement which Campbelites and Mormonism also sprang from) The Brethren movement had its beginning in Dublin in 1825 when a small group of earnest men, dissatisfied with the lethargic condition that prevailed in the Protestant Church in Ireland, met for prayer and fellowship. Soon others joined the fellowship and associated groups sprang up in various places. Though the movement had its beginning at Dublin, it was Plymouth, England that became the center of their vast literature outreach, thus the name Plymouth Brethren became attached. Although there was interest from the start in prophetic subjects, the center of interest was on the body of Christ as an organism and the spiritual unity of Christ of all believers in reaction to the deadness of formalism of the organized church systems and the ecclesiastical hierarchy. A man by the name of John Nelson Darby was the leading spirit among the Plymouth Brethren from 1830 onward. Darby was from a prosperous Irish family, was educated as a lawyer, took high honors at Dublin University, then turned aside, to his father's chagrin, to become a minister.
Margaret McDonald, a 15 year old Scottish girl (Joseph Smith and Muhammad were teenagers who were also used to start religious movements), and member of Edward Irving's congregation, had visions in early 1830 that included a Secret Rapture of believers before the appearance of the Antichrist. She informed Irving of her visions by letter. Irving then attended the prophecy conferences that began in Dublin Ireland in 1830 at Powerscourt Castle, where he promoted both Futurism and a Secret Rapture.
John Nelson Darby (1800–1882),
John Nelson Darby (1800–1882), Irving and Darby were contemporaries. Another series of meetings were in progress at this time. A Church of Ireland clergyman, later with the Plymouth Brethren, also promoted Futurism and a secret rapture. Darby attended the series of meetings on Bible Prophecy that began in 1830 at Powerscourt, Ireland, and at these conferences Darby apparently learned about the secret rapture as revealed by vision to Margaret McDonald, and promoted by Edward Irving, and he soon visited Margaret MacDonald at her home in Port Glasgow, Scotland. Darby later visited America several times between 1859 and 1874, where his Futurist theology was readily accepted. His writings on biblical subjects number over 30 volumes of 600 pages each. Darby developed and organized "futurism" into a system of prophetic teaching called "dispensationalism." Darby's biographers refer to him as "the father of dispensationalism." And the crown jewel in the kingdom of dispensationalism is, of course, the so-called SECRET RAPTURE!.Darby, called the 'father of dispensationalism', was responsible for the widespread dissemination of the new and novel pretribulation doctrine beginning around 1830 through his ministry in the Plymouth Brethern movement.
Dispensationalism holds the Christian Church will be taken to Heaven and Israel will go through the 7 Yr Tribulation, with the aid of God defeating Muslim armies of Antichrist. All Lies. The Great Tribulation is 3 1/2 Years/ 1260 Days; Christians will go through this bearing testimony of Jesus Christ often to their death. The doctrine soon spread to America and was widely popularized by the Scofield Reference Bible.
Study Bible Notes "No prophecy of scripture is of any Private Interpretation" 2 Pet 1:20
Cyrus Ingerson Scofield (1843-1921)
Hermeneutics and Exegesis are "Private Interpretation" of Scripture. Examples are assuming Daniel 9:23-27 "70 Weeks" means 69 Weeks of Years + an open ended "Age of Grace" followed by the Rapture and 7 Yr Tribulation. All Lies; 70 Weeks is 490 Days. The Secret Rapture teaching was introduced into the United States and Canada in the 1860's and 1870's though there is some indication that it may have been taught as early as the 1840's. Darby himself visited the United States six times. Kansas con Man and Congregationalist preacher C.I. Scofield came under the influence of Darby and the Plymouth Brethren. The Scofield Reference Bible was destined to have a tremendous impact upon the beliefs of may, when, three million copies were published in the first 50 years. Through this Bible, Scofield carried the teaching of the Secret Rapture into the very heart of evangelism. Some ignorant souls look on the notes in this Bible as the Word of God itself. I do not doubt for one instant that many who read these lines have been influenced somewhere in their spiritual lives by the footnotes in the Scofield Bible. Scofield greatly influenced by the writings of J. N. Darby, incorporated Futurism in the notes of his Scofield Reference Bible. First published by Oxford University Press in 1909, one million copies were printed by 1930. The Scofield Bible was instrumental in firmly establishing the Jesuit inspired interpretation in the Protestant Bible schools of the United States in the 20th century. Note: Jesuits also created Evolution and Big Bang Theories.
Source: 1909 edition of the Scofield Reference Bible Footnote 1 on page 1278 (1272) scripture they use for the pre-tribulation rapture.
Source: 1909 edition of the Scofield Reference Bible Footnote 2 on page 1340 (1334) scriptures they use for the pre-tribulation rapture.
Quotes regarding the origin of the Rapture theory
John Walvoord: "any careful student of Darby soon discovers that he did not get his eschatological views from men, but rather from his doctrine of the church as the body of Christ, a concept no one claims was revealed supernaturally to Irving or Macdonald. Darby's views undoubtedly were gradually formed, but they were theologically and biblically based rather than derived from Irving's pre-Pentecostal group". (Walvoord, The Blessed Hope and the Tribulation, p. 47.)
F. F. Bruce: well known Plymouth Brethren historian and theologian says: "Where did he Darby get it? The reviewer’s answer would be that it was in the air in the 1820s and 1830s among eager students of unfulfilled prophecy". (Book Review of The Unbelievable Pre-Trib Origin in The Evangelical Quarterly, (Vol. XLVII, No. 1).
E. R. Sandeen: "Darby introduced into discussion at Powerscourt (1833) the ideas of a secret rapture of the church and of a parenthesis in prophetic fulfillment between the sixty-ninth and seventieth weeks of Daniel. These two concepts constituted the basic tenets of the system of theology since referred to as dispensationalism" (E.R. Sandeen, The Roots of Fundamentalism 1800-1930, University of Chicago Press, 1970)
A. W. Tozer: “Here is a doctrine that was not known or taught until the beginning of this century and it is already causing splits in churches.”
The rapture doctrine, It began as Jesuit invention. The Jesuit priest Ribera's writings influenced the Jesuit priest Lacunza, Lacunza influenced Irving, Irving influenced Darby, Darby influenced Scofield, Scofield Privately Interpreted scripture and influenced everyone who reads the margin notes. God needs no help getting people to understand His Word. Read the Authorized Bible and trash or be wary of the Study Notes.